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Photos courtesy of Jeff Lebowe. There are over species of Psilocybe mushroomseach possessing visually unique characteristics along with varying levels and ratios of three psychotropic compounds — psilocybinpsilocinand baeocystin. A few of the most prevalent species are P. There are also hundreds of "strains" or "subspecies" which have been genetically isolated and classified by both professional mycologists and recreational enthusiasts.
While taxonomically these strains are all considered members of their respective species and most are P. This introduction to mushroom strains and species may seem contradictory or confusing. That said, a useful analogy for Magic mushrooms list the differences can be drawn between Cannabis and Psilocybe mushrooms. The separation of cannabis species into indicasativaand ruderalis corresponds to the separation of Psilocybe species into azurescens, semilanceata, cubensis, etc.
Unlike cannabis, where the crossing of genetics combines plant traits to create a new weed strain, mushroom strains often start with a desirable mutation, such as being albino or growing especially large mushrooms. The Magic mushrooms list, duration, and onset of the psychoactive experience provided by different species and strains along with many other variables can differ quite drastically among shrooms. However, all members of the genus Psilocybe share a few key identifying factors that can aid in their identification. The differing Psilocybe species have a much longer and more intensive taxonomical history than the relatively recent distinctions among strains.
The first reliable documented case of Psilocybe intoxication Magic mushrooms list inwhen a man picked several semilanceata from the shores of the Thames River in London, and cooked a meal for his family with them. This surprise trip spurred the classification of a new species of mushroom, which was placed in the genus Agaricusthen moved to Psilocybe in For the purpose of remaining succinct, this article focuses on the four species most commonly found in North America.
They are easily distinguishable by their conical-bell-shaped cap which holds its shape throughout the life cycle, dissimilar to most Magic mushrooms list Psilocybe shrooms whose caps flatten in maturity. Testing done by mycologists Paul Stamets and Jochen Gartz placed Liberty Caps as the third most potent Psilocybe species, with an exceptionally high concentration of psilocybin, low concentration of psilocin, and moderate levels of baeocystin.
The high concentration of Magic mushrooms list often le to semilanceata mushrooms eliciting a very visual experience that also lasts longer than those of other species, due to the body having to break down this psilocybin into psilocin before the effects are felt. They are distinctly more mycorrhizal than other species, meaning they require decaying wood in order to grow.
This makes them more difficult to cultivate indoors, though that has not hindered their spread into every habitable continent. Unlike many other organisms whose habitats have been encroached on by humans, these mushrooms are thought to share a symbiotic relationship with urbanization.
They are commonly found on piles of ligneous debris or in mulched garden beds, and sometimes in enormous quantities exceedingmushrooms in a single patch. They can be identified by the undulating edges of their caps, and aside from this wavy cap, possess visual characteristics quite similar to P. Despite their visual similarity to P. The experience occasioned by taking P.
Similar to many other mushrooms, they were discovered by recreational mycology enthusiasts a group of Boy Scouts, ironically enough. This potential to find an entirely new species is undoubtedly one of the attractive properties of mycology the study of mushrooms and exists whenever one embarks on a mushroom-hunting adventure.
To date, overspecies of fungi have been discoveredand this is constantly growing. Unlike other Psilocybe species, P. Due to extremely high psilocybin levels, they produce vivid hallucinations, intense amplification of emotions, and sometimes even temporary paralysis. Other websites go even beyond the law to offer dried mushrooms and microdose capsules.
They also grow larger than most other species, although this is likely due to generations of genetic isolation. This species provides the classic psychoactive mushroom effects of euphoria, feelings of love and unity, introspection, philosophical ideation, synesthesia, visual augmentation, and a less ego-influenced perspective.
in this graph are taken from testing done by Stamets and Gartz. Due to the comparative ease of cultivation at least, those not requiring decomposing wood or dung to growthe vast majority of recognized strains all fall under the umbrella of the P. Although the exact is difficult to determine, and new strains are consistently being created, mycologists estimate that there are around distinctly identifiable P.
This article cannot possibly cover them all, so we will focus on three of the most prominent strains. If you are interested in delving further into the differences among strains, check out Psilopedia. Golden Teacher mushrooms are medium to large in size and often feature a distinct triangular bump in the center of their golden caramel-colored caps. It is a moderately potent strain ideal for beginning shroom psychonauts, one that offers a subtly more spiritual, introspective undertone to the experience, along with feelings of euphoria and uncontrollable laughter.
This makes Great Teacher well suited for both social recreational use and therapeutic or medicinal applications. Penis Envy P. It is theorized the strain was isolated from Amazonian P. All of these variations have characteristics Magic mushrooms list are clearly distinct from other P. They are known to generate an experience filled with deep philosophical ideations and intense feelings of euphoria. This strain was one of the first to be classified, and is thought to be the mushroom referred to by R.
Huautla are typically medium-sized mushrooms Magic mushrooms list moderate potency that sporate very heavily, often turning the caps purple-black with spores. They are known to reliably elicit spiritually meaningful experiences permeated with intense feelings of love and unity, along with a sense of connection with nature and the universe as a whole. The niche of strain categorization and review, inspired by sites such as the cannabis strain aggregator Leaflyis being explored by numerous organizations in the psilocybin mushroom space, too.
Psilopedia takes a science focused approach to offering in-depth information on many aspects of psilocybin, like its metabolic processes, pharmacodynamics, effects at macro- and microdosagesareas of study, and mushroom identification.
They also have aggregated contact information for numerous psychedelic integration practitioners — therapists and psychologists who help integrate the insights realized during psychedelic-assisted therapy into one's life. Additionally, the site has classified shrooms with pictures, detailed characteristics, and reviews over 70 P. Psillowon the other hand, is markedly more culturally focused, offering a consistently updated blog with informational and entertaining articles.
Why people have contrasting experiences from different species and strains of mushrooms is multifaceted and hypothesized to be a combined function of two factors. Magic mushrooms list, varied levels and ratios of the three psychoactive compounds; and second, the set, setting, and intention of the user. Differing levels of active compounds Magic mushrooms list alter the onset, duration, and intensity of the experience, while also playing a role in whether it is felt more in the mind or body. Generally, the highest potency is achieved with nutrient-rich colonization and fruiting substrates, as well as the ratio of mycelium-to-substrate at the beginning of fruiting, consistent temperature and humidity, and harvesting just before the veil between the stem and cap breaks.
If you have any further questions about the differences between species and strains, or questions regarding mushroom cultivation, please do not hesitate to contact me through my website! Follow Jeff Lebowe on Instagram and visit his website here.Magic mushrooms list
email: [email protected] - phone:(835) 353-9145 x 4771